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2018/1 (No.9)

Special Focus
001 Preservation and Re-creation: A Design Project for the Re-vitalisation of the Arcaded Streets in HaikouAbstract: This article reflects on the history, the design and the implementation of the regeneration project of the arcaded streets in Haikou. It does so from the aspects of historical changes; heritage features; current problems; restoration and renovation; revitalisation and regeneration. Contributing to the current theoretical debate at the international frontiers of the field of architecture, it discusses a variety of concepts such as ‘restore to its recent state’, ‘repair the defect with the new’, ‘renovate to its original state’, and ‘re-create the new with the old’, as well as their application in the project. All of these reveal new design intentions, which aim for the revitalisation of historic streets.

Keywords: Haikou arcaded streets; renovation; restoration; regeneration; historic environment; revitalization
Chang Qing
013 Built Heritage and Development: Heritage Impact Assess-ment of Change in AsiaAbstract: Built heritage faces increasing pressures and threats from development and change in the contemporary world, a situation that frequently results in compromise or loss of historic fabric and its associated values. This paper examines how Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) methodology specifically addresses and mitigates threats to built heritage within an overall sustainable development framework. The methodology will be explained and examples will be given from across Asia of HIA applications to the urban and rural built environment to illustrate how this can be achieved. These case studies reflect a variety of ways in which development and heritage come into conflict and have been selected to show how versatile and adaptable HIA can be as a tool for finding balance and solutions. HIA is an approach rooted in a balanced and sustainable relationship between ‘the needs of the present and future generations and the legacy from the past’ (UNESCO 2011). The paper also illuminates some of the basic assumptions on which HIA functions and some of the contradictions that often arise when the methodology is applied to real world problems.

Keywords: built heritage; Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA); heritage conservation; sustainability development; heritage management
Ayesha Pamela Rogers / Translated by Gu Xinyi / Proofread by Sun Xinfei
Theory and History
022 The Conceptual Definition of Vernacular Built Heritage and Its Conservation Strategy from a Historical Perspec-tiveAbstract: People tend to have a pastoral imagination to the village and rural heritage, but in the conservation of vernacular culture and rural construction, there is a widespread misunderstanding of historic heritage and the embarrassment of the real situation. Rural built heritage is a living heritage that changes with the times. From a historical perspective, this paper identifies the concept of vernacular built heritage, distinguishes its types and constitutions, and puts forward the strategies for conservation with a view to acting as a guide for practice. Based on the differentiation and analysis of the concept of vernacular built heritage, the paper examines and supplements its types and elements, discusses its cultural richness, and investigates its development through history. Vernacular built heritage of different types shaped in different historical periods is clarified, such as the physical remnants of People’s Communes and rural industries, infrastructure and other man-made artefacts, as well as the intangible assets they carry. The paper aims to enrich the type of vernacular built heritage, clarify the subjectivity of conservation and the significance of sustainability. Through the understanding of the value, it reveals the variety and complexity of vernacular built heritage in China.

Keywords: vernacular built heritage; vernacular architecture; modern heritage; subjectivity; value judgment
Tan Gangyi, Jia Yanfei
032 Historic Preservation Education at the University of Penn-sylvaniaAbstract: After more than 30 years of development, the Historic Preservation Program at the University of Pennsylvania (the HSPV at UPenn) has become one of the leading preservation programmes in North America. This article traces the background and development of the HSPV at UPenn before analysing the influence of its founders and acting directors on its professional purpose and curriculum. After a detailed analysis of the four major curriculum systems—history and theory, technology, planning and management, and workshop and thesis—the article summarises the three main characteristics of the programme: a teaching system matched with social demand, technology courses supported by the Architecture Conservation Lab and the practical orientation of teaching methods. The article also considers the usefulness of the programme’s teaching system for the development of Chinese heritage protection education through a comparison of the preservation systems in both countries.

Keywords: University of Pennsylvania; historic preservation; education
Zhang Peng, Wu Shuang
039 On the Scientific Value of Cultural HeritageAbstract: Starting with a discussion of the history and values of cultural heritage, this article gives a simple recap of the evolution of the value of heritage conservation and checks the legal documents related to the protection of heritage at both international and national levels, including some general international documents, documents on historic monuments, and documents from, among others, Britain, France, and Italy. It then traces the history of scientific value, examining how it became one of the basic values for architectural heritage judgment, together with historical value and artistic value. The article continues with a comparison of value assessments at international and national levels to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of heritage discourse in Western and Chinese contexts. The article concludes that, at the international level, the Scientific Revolution and the expansion of scientism to some extent contributed to the recognition of the scientific value of heritage, whereas in China, the Western heritage discourse has had a considerable influence on the determination of heritage values, except for the expansion of scientism. The article also discusses the appropriate attitude toward Western heritage discourse.

Keywords: cultural heritage; scientific value; scientism
Wang Wei, Wu Cong
Heritage Illustration
045 WARFIELD COLUMN IX Streets, Lanes and Alleyways: An Architecture for Pedes-trian Movement James Warfield / Translated by Gu Xinyi / Proofread by Dai Fangrui
Project Analysis
060 Spatial Configuration and Layout of Cave-House Dwell-ings of the Shanxi Construction Type in China Abstract: Cave dwellings and wooden houses are two different structural forms. However, in ancient Shanxi, the two were combined in the form described in this paper as cave-house dwellings. Based on the results of field investigation, this paper determines the distribution of cave-house dwellings in Shanxi: they were most widely used in western and central Shanxi; those regions were followed in frequency by southern and northern Shanxi; the structures are found least in southeastern Shanxi. This study analyses the spatial configuration and layout of cave-house dwellings in terms of three different scales: settlement scale, cluster scale, and single-building scale. It is evident that the spread and distribution of this type of construction was largely dependent on the local conditions. The findings of this paper have certain theoretical significance and application value. The results allow new protection to be afforded to such structures, and an agenda is provided for such protection. The findings shed new light on thinking about wooden structure through the phenomenon of cave-house dwellings.

Keywords: Shanxi construction types; construction; cave-house dwellings; spatial configuration; spatial layout
Wang Jinping, Wang Zhanyong
071 Padley Mill: A Question of Interpretation Peter Blundell Jones / Translated and Postscripted by Ren Xiang / ProofreadAbstract: Located in North Derbyshire in England, Padley Mill was a listed building reuse and regeneration project done by the late British architectural historian and theorist Professor Peter Blundell Jones in the mid-1990s. The paper reveals the piecemeal and laborious design conversion process of a less-valued listed building, which opposes the imposition of a personal style but seeks the essence of historical traces and meaning of a project in the givens of the place through radical design interpretation.

Keywords: Padley Mill; listed building; conversion and reuse; design interpretation
Peter Blundell Jones / Translated and Postscripted by Ren Xiang / Proofread by Wen Jing, Gu Xinyi
083 The Influence of News Media on the Development of an Ur-ban Heritage Conservation System in Guangzhou, China:Taking New Express as an Example He Shan
089 brief   


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2018年对于《建筑遗产》学刊是别开生面的更新之年。经过反复讨论,我们对版式和装帧进行了修订优化。封面增加了副刊名“整旧如故 与古为新”八个字,以进一步点明本刊的宗旨,既是对建成遗产的整理和整修,以正本清源还其真,又是对历史和现代关系的协调与协和,使今昔共生以为新。
“没有文化就没有可持续的发展”,“将文化置于发展政策的核心位置是对世界未来的关键性投资”。但发展过程中也容易产生对历史建成环境价值的忽视或践踏,导致历史肌理及其相关价值的妥协或丢失,尤其是在发展变化剧烈的亚洲。如何协调保护与发展之间的矛盾?在2017年“建成遗产:一种城乡演进的文化驱动力”国际学术研讨会上,来自巴基斯坦的艾莎·罗杰斯教授以《建成遗产与发展:应对亚洲变化的遗产影响评估》一文,介绍了遗产影响评估(HIA)这一在保护与发展之间找寻平衡与解决方案的工具,及其在亚洲城乡建成环境中应用的案例。本刊据Built Heritage(2017年第2期)所刊原文,译介给广大中文读者。